ADHD (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder) is one of the most common neurodevelopment disorders affecting children and adults. Children with ADHD often struggle with impulsive behaviors, paying attention, and sitting still or staying calm and organized. And most children who are diagnosed with ADHD continue to deal with the disorder well into adulthood.
The CDC estimates that there are currently around 6 million children that have been diagnosed with ADHD. And of those who are diagnosed, boys are the most common.
Unfortunately, as symptoms of ADHD continue through adulthood, these behaviors can affect the individual’s ability to function or perform certain tasks with ease, such as driving. To this point, a new study from the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry shows that individuals with ADHD are at a higher risk of causing or being involved in motor vehicle collisions.
In fact, there have been multiple studies in recent years showing a correlation between ADHD and driving accidents. However, this is not to say that driving with ADHD should not be allowed.
People drive safely every day with ADHD. It’s all about knowing how the disorder can affect you and what precautions to take to stay safe.
So, let’s dive in to understand more about ADHD car accidents. And if you were injured in a Michigan car accident and need help filing a claim, don’t hesitate to reach out to someone from our team at The Lee Steinberg Law Firm.
Driving with ADHD
Driving with ADHD symptoms that are untreated is likened to driving impaired as an intoxicated driver under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Essentially, drivers with untreated ADHD have higher rates of inattentiveness, which means they are more likely to become easily distracted while behind the wheel and overestimate their own driving abilities.
One of the biggest concerns is that people with ADHD struggle with executive functioning, which are the skills that help us organize, activate, integrate and manage our thoughts and behaviors. Thus, if someone struggles with executive functioning, they are inclined to act more impulsively and have poor judgment.
There are four aspects of executive functioning in particular that supposedly link ADHD to an increased risk of car accidents:
- Arousal: This is the aspect of executive functioning associated with alertness. So someone with ADHD may not be as alert, meaning they may miss certain driving cues when they arise.
- Vigilance: This is associated with sustained attention. People with ADHD that struggle with vigilance may have a harder time staying focused on their driving.
- Inhibitory control: This aspect of executive functioning relates to impulsivity, which means drivers with ADHD are prone to impulsive actions without first thinking about the consequences.
- Impaired top-down control: This relates to control of attention to non-driving related tasks. So people with ADHD might have a harder time being able to juggle their driving while dealing with other tasks, such as focusing on their driving while also talking to someone in the car with them.
Factors That Contribute to ADHD Car Accidents
Drivers with ADHD are 9% more likely to be at fault for the accidents they are involved in. And young drivers with ADHD, in particular, have 30%-40% higher crash rates.
Of all drivers with ADHD, the most common contributing factors or actions that led to ADHD car accidents included:
- Distracted driving: Inattentiveness while driving can be a problem for anyone. According to the CDC, over 3,000 people die each year as a result of distracted driving. However, as inattentiveness is a main symptom of ADHD, distracted driving happens more often with drivers who have this disorder.
- Speeding: ADHD car accidents that result from speeding can happen due to any one of the executive functioning aspects that those with ADHD struggle with. They could speed because they aren’t alert, because they aren’t paying attention, or because they are struggling with impulse control.
- Failure to yield the right-of-way: Not yielding to another driver can also be the result of a driver with ADHD not paying attention or poor impulse control and behavior management.
For teen drivers, all of these things can happen more often both because they are less experienced AND because they are driving with ADHD. Teens also already struggle with impulsive behaviors, even when they don’t have ADHD — so having ADHD can make poor impulse control while driving even worse.
Safety Tips for ADHD and Driving
If you are the parent of a teen driving with ADHD, you may need to more closely monitor their driving habits and set more driving restrictions until they can learn to get their ADHD symptoms under control while driving. Taking medication for ADHD, whether the driver is a teen or an adult can also help improve driver performance.
Additional safety tips for ADHD and driving include the following:
- Reduce and avoid distractions in the car as much as possible, such as cell phones and even using the radio or listening to music.
- Avoid eating and drinking while driving.
- Avoid driving when you are tired and more likely to struggle to stay alert.
- Try to stick to routes you are familiar with or familiarize yourself with where you are going ahead of time if possible.
- Practice being more mindful while driving and paying attention to other drivers around you.
- Take a driver education course, especially one that addresses ADHD and driving.
- Avoid driving with passengers that will distract you, or tell your passengers ahead of time that talking too much will distract you.
The Lee Steinberg Law Firm: Detroit ADHD Car Accident Attorney
Drivers who are not responsible for their ADHD can cause otherwise avoidable accidents. If you or someone you love have been injured in a vehicle accident caused by a distracted driver or reckless driver, you or the family may be entitled to compensation for things like medical bills, lost wages, and funeral expenses.